Working Paper, 2016 (with Claire A. Boeing-Reicher)  

Based on data from a cross section of U.S. metro areas, we show that public employment correlates negatively with business cycle volatility, hinting at a stabilizing effect of public employment, while public wages correlate weakly and positively with business cycle volatility, hinting at a destabilizing effect of public wages.

Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 63, March 2017, Pages 1–12  

This paper contributes to the existing literature on public employment showing that the wage setting policy of the public sector can be an important determinant of private employment and unemployment.